L' area Grecanica is extended on a surface of about
460 square kilometers from the low Jonio reggino until the aspromonte,
including portions of territory rivierasco, pedemontano and mountain.
The territory of the following eleven communes it is included:
Bagaladi , Bova, Bova Navy, Brancaleone, Condofuri, Melito I Carry
Safe , Palizzi, Roccaforte of the Greek one, Roghudi, San Lorenzo
The population resident in the zone was in the Census of 1991
equal to 36.890 inhabitants with a density therefore of 80 inhabitants
for square kilometers.
It cherishes age-old of the linguistic minority ellenofona, the
aspromonte Southern Jonico takes care of unchanged the tracks
of its ancient nature of crossroads on the Mediterranean one.
For centuries this area has proposition the role of truth and
actual cultural island for a series of motive between that the
historical precariousness of the connections and a specially inaccessible
entroterra. For how much civilized and antropizzata for the continuous
migrations of the population of the borghi of the entroterra towards
the navies , the wide coastal beaches preserve band and welcoming.
Almost an opposite species of world is instead the inside, in
big part placed within the boundaries of the National Park of
the aspromonte: a peaceful and quiet cosmos natural fact of solemn
fiumare , selvagge mountains that demote towards the sea with
paths and spring meadows of sole beauty.
Bova, Condofuri, Gallicianò, Roccaforte of the Greek one,
Roghudi are the centers with the most obvious tracks of the main
culture -Greek. The Greek one of Calabria, spoken in these places,
is object of studies and searches, but also cultural motive of
exchanges and of initiatives to protection of the linguistic minorities
historian. Bova, capital of the Greek of Calabria is dominated
from the ruderi of the Norman Castle. It rises to almost 1000
m. on the level of the sea and is attainable from the provincial
one that leaves from Bova Navy. The Cathedral takes care of a
statue in marble of the Madonna col Child, of 1584, attributed
to Rinaldo Bonanno.
L’antico borgo of Superior Brancaleone (stronghold of noble
Calabrian families, like the Ruffo and the Staircase), hidden
in top to a cliff, show the ruderi of the castle and the restive
of the church dedicated to the Madonna dell’Annunziata.
Long the provincial one for Staiti meet themselves, in contrada
Batia, the restive dell’abbazia Byzantine-Norman (XI sec.)
of Holy Maria of Tridetti, for almost a religious millennium religion
center and goal of pilgrimages you populate.
The present boundaries.
The island ellenofona of the Calabria it is extended
today long the valley of the amendolea, of the torrent Siderone
and of the Easter San in province of Reggio Calabria. Dominated
from the south side of the aspromonte and plowed from you and
ravines, the countries grecanici I am places to almost 15 kilometers
from the I cost, generally all on mountains an inaccessible time.
Né we can admit that today is changed a lot. In fact, to
the inside of the limited boundaries of the Calabria continue
to live, even more cast out , these last witnesses of a civility
that had been large and that did not understand absolutely to
renounce the actual identity after to have paid a so hard price
for the actual existence. Bova, Roghudi, Chorìo of Roghudi,
Gallicianò, Roccaforte , and in more the new installations
migratori of Condofuri, Bova Navy, San Extra Giorgio, Modena,
Arangea and Bars to Reggio Calabria , Melito I Carry Safe –
where returned to revive the new Roghudi, mark the present boundaries
of the current grecità , reduced to an extreme cultural
limit of resistance. I am limits that the Greek of Calabria insist
to consider themselves belonging to to that sweet-smelling climate
of the ancient grecità of whom, until some century does,
breathed the air most of the countries of the present province
reggina. But I am limits more sparenti, in zones in which the
tongue grecanica now is reciting the last action of its existence.
The ruin idro-geological and the territorial marginalità,
the strong emigration, the human incomprehension than did not
give back entirely feasible l’opera of the administrations
and a hostile nature played a fundamental role in the white genocide
of the last Greeks of Calabria.
Roghudi (Righùdi), Ghorìo of Roghudi (Chorìo
To 627 meters on the level of the sea, put almost
of guard in the means of the torrent Amendolea, surrounded by
impenetrable mountains , continues to resist the insult of the
times the inhabited old person of Roghudi. It is not yourselves
flat track of grounds in its territory, but a to succeed itself
of mountains and of precipices. Set down on the ridge of a hill
that it hurls towards the fondovalle, gotten lost in the night
of the times, Roghudi and its Chorìo knowed the alone economical
possibility that the places allowed, the same one that had found
their ancestors to the time of the first installations: the sheep-farming.
And so it was until the day in which the nature and the man did
not decide to drag downstream this linguistic altra oasis. It
was 1971. The country today is attainable across a little easy
provincial road that from Melito I Carry Safe salt until Roccaforte
for then to come down Roghudi and to go back still its verse Chorìo.
And’ attainable too from Bova with a long theory of curve
that from the Fields of Bova comes down towards the country. Ascending
towards the fields of Bova they are visible to four kilometers
of distance from Chorìo of Roghudi two geological formations
natural that seem to want to be guard dell’intera valley
of this old country grecanico: You vrastarùcia (the boilers
of the milk) and THE Ròcca you Dràgu (the Fortress
of the Dragon). Today the new alive Roghudi in the crowds of Melito
P. S. but its inhabitants I am scattered for some time to Bova
Navy, Melito P. S., Reggio. Its date of birth seems to bind itself
to that of Amendolea, or little after, of whom was pagus (village
) and shared the story and the vicissitudes of this land and of
the other countries ellenofoni that gravitate in the valley of
the amendolea. The country preserve still in part the original
speech, above all in the elderly that have however renounced for
some time to put into practice the nell’uso daily, for that
be is destined fatally to disappear in consideration too of the
deep diaspora that hit the two countries. Its territory confines
with that more extended of Condofuri; its inhabitants, included
the fraction of Ghorìo, surpassed the 2200 unities having
immediately a strong demographic development after the transfer,
with considerable brake all’emigrazione by means of the
new more favorable conditions all’occupazione and to the
development partner-economical. Extremely positive it was besides
l’inserimento of the roghudesi in the community where have
transferred. In some communes (Arengea of Reggio Calabria, Bova
Navy, Melito P.S.), for their work, I am you in fact whole districts
inhabited note from the community ellenofona roghudese.
Condofuri, Gallicianò, Amendolea
Before 1806 the country of Condofuri was a pagus
of Amendolea. Today it it includes the fractions of Gallicianò
, of Condofuri Navy, of San Carlo and of Amendolea. The tradition
It wants that the country come down from the inhabitants of across
successive Gallicianò immigrations, but does not seem that
the people of two countries have the characters of the same race.
It stays however from it signal that in the connection to file
of the bishop Mons. Morabito (12.11.1754) it is read that the
church of Condofuri had not a parish priest because, being a "not
ancient colony " of Gallicianò the village note was
subjected to the parish priest of that country. However it is
the story of these places is resembled all and too the destiny
that dominates them. In lands voted to the sheep-farming and to
the agriculture, the inhabitants of Condofuri , Gallicianò
and Amendolea lived urged from the hunger and from the most natural
needs. The inaccessibilità of the places, the scarcity
of roads, the meager resources and the economical poverty arrived
to push the mayor of Amendolea - from that depended the two villages
of Gallicianò and Condofuri - to deliberate in 1801 that
the forests of oaks of the SS. Announced some amendolea should
not be sold poichè the acorns served the "common bread"
of the managed! Gallicianò was likely been based on from
the people of Amendolea, trasferitesi in more inaccessible places
in uncertain times. The gallicianesi I am a typical people of
shepherds, loving some song, of the dance and of their tongue:
the Greek tongue. The country, tormented from a domineering nature
and from the age-old arrogance of governing that I am not itself
not even remembered of costruirvi a road , lived at long block
and without story in this plaga of the amendolea. Someone it thought
well of vision in the gallicianesi the heirs of those immigrant
populations in these places to alive force under the executive
of a tabellario from the name Callicum or Gallicum , from that
then the name of the country would be produced. However it is
this millennial country, old and fragile, still today oasis of
the grecità calabra, continued to resist attached to the
mountain and to the actual cultural identity and ethnic. Now in
truth they do not remain that little inhabitants that have however
heard well the need to be based on an Association ellenofona that
large merits has in its activity to defended some tongue : THE
Cumelca. You reason practices and of livability pushed its population
still a time to emigrate verse Reggio and Condofuri. The country
is attainable departing person from verse Navy Condofuri Superior
Condofuri for then to move forward itself in a little road easy
that runs for 7 kilometers until Gallicianò. At present
it counts about 400 inhabitants. The population of the whole country
(Condofuri San Carlo, Amendolea and Gallicianò ) it is
gone around around 6000 unity.
Roccaforte of the Greek one, Ghorìo
I post on a high mountain 935 meters, Roccaforte
of the Greek one had said ancient Vunì (mountain). Subsequently
its name was changed in The Fortress to the time in which was
village of Amendolea, for then to take on definitive the present
name. It Its story is confused with that of its country of origin,
but we have not tracks of its existence still in the XV century.
Together to Roghudi and Gallicianò appears cited in the
works of the Barrio , of the Flower and of the Marafioti in the
beginning of the century XVI. How for Gallicianò and Roghudi,
it is supposed that its population is been derived from the file
of that Greek people that was deported in mass in these places
to swell the meager demographic resources of these countries.
It is known that all this plaga of the amendolea certainly was
fortified, is because was a fixed road of I pass between Locri
and Reggio, is because served from defence to Bova, extreme limit
west of Locri. The population of Roccaforte of the Greek one,
until some decade does entirely of Greek tongue, today the tongue
speaks rarely ellenica, or rather says that to Roccaforte the
Greek language now almost is extinguished of everything. You do
not improve, it is from the linguistic point of view than economical,
they are the conditions in the small Ghorìo center of Roccaforte,
I post long the road that demotes verse Roghudi. In the neighborhoods
of Chorio of Roccaforte c’è still to admire the Byzantine
chiesetta of the family upright Tripepi around the second half
of 1700. The inhabitants of Roccaforte and of its Ghorìo
today reach the 2000 unities. The two countries are connected
to the coastal road across a provincial one that from Melito P.
S. salt for 30 kilometers to Roccaforte.
The story today forgot Bova and perhaps Bova forgot
its story. The continuous country to resist awkward to its fortress
with the last "fragments" of a population now to the
near end. Almost all of the inhabitants have poured on the navy
in a forced emigration of return. The country is attainable from
the provincial one that leaves from Bova Navy and it is loosened
for 14 kilometers until Bova. They resist still ancient remains
of its past: the much churches, leaves of its wall and of its
castle, "l’orma of the queen", the palace Nesci,
the decrepit episcopate. Between all of the countries ellenofoni
is certainly the better one preserved, the most accessible one
and the most open one to the cultural shows awkward to the cultural
roots. You show on the territory an of the worthiest associations
ellenofone "Apodiafàzi ", been based on and directed,
until a little while ago, from the poet peasant Brown Casile,
and "THE Chòra" of whom do part an awkward youngsters
of group volentoroso to the culture grecanica. Today the varied
town administrations created an excellent museum dell’arte
peasant and pastoral and a museum of Paleontologia, and are seeking
in everything the way to make to revive the country that was the
Chòra (the capital) for antonomasia of the Greek of Calabria.
Small , cleaned, flirtatious to times, Bova does not deny its
origin , né nell’aspetto, né in its inhabitants.
On the cronotassi of its bishops they have alternated varied authors
but Still they persist doubtful on the exact date in which the
bishop's church of Bova is source. The Gams begins the moderate
series of the bishops bovesi with Blasius, dead in 1341 and elected
in 1313. But I am not yourselves doubtful now than already in
1094 pit been present in country Light, humble "bishop of
Bova", like he same is definite in its will spiritual. Someone
it wanted inverare the presence of the bishops to Bova to leave
from the THE sec. d. C , with Suera, and, subsequently with other
present bishops in 434 and in 498. However it is, simply respecting
all the opinions, we give for deducted the referable period to
Bova Navy (Jalò you Vùa)
Mail on the state one between Head Chrisafi (san
Giovanni D’Avalos) and l’Amendolea, Bova Navy confuses
its story with that of Bova from whose municipalità was
been based on. It has constituted in autonomous entity in 1908.
First still it be it was shelter of fishermen and of some farmers
bovesi that were transferred themselves for convenience in navy.
Francesco Nucera in Ruins of Calabria, wrongly, says that in these
places it is not had motive of to believe that were able to be
yourselves some installations. Today sappiamo with certainty that
in its fraction, Easter San, were yourselves a lot of installations,
sovrappostisi in the course of the centuries: 1. Scyllaca; 2.
an Israeli installation, done not otherwise know to level of name
but known to archeological level ; 3. Delia; 4. Panaghìa.
And’ of some decade now the finding of the mosaic of an
Israeli synagogue of the IV sec. d. Cr. The country in the last
thirty’anni grew in considerable manner also for the presence
of some populations it here emigrated. Bova Navy is at the cultural
every activity center , is grecanica that in general , and in
the last years is itself mail all’attenzione for the presence
in I rent some Associations cultural presents in the territory,
above all l’Ismìa Grecànika "Jalò
you Vùa", been based on in 1970, l’UTE-TL and
the Coop. handicraft grecanica "To Argalìo "
(the loom). You show too some groups of song, I dance and of traditional
search Greek-calabra: Eurito, Delia, Megàli Ellàda.
The bishop's Seminar, I am drawn in 1835 for work of Mons. Rozzolino,
now is left and on the same places the center will be born AISM.
And’ been instead restored the Church mother dell’Immacolata,
initiated from Mons. Dalmazio D’Andrea and conduct to limit
in 1879 from Between’ Longobardi. In 1962 it mail on Head
was Chrisafi, where still resists the hat of the Marzano and the
restive of a tower of guard, a statue bronzea dedicated to the
Madonna of the Sea. Here, in not very distant times, the people
of Bova was usual to come down in pilgrimage for the parties pagane
that lieutenants came yourselves.
Kitchen and produced dell' area
A kitchen of shepherds and peasants. The traditional
kitchen Of the Greek aspromonte it is spartana, of mountain, but
not for this lacking taste and of agreeable surprises. Since to
the years '60 prevailed some basic elements today not always available.
For the bread, for example, next to the flour of grain it was
in use that of rye, of acorn or of chestnut and other varieties
flours smaller. For the pastas, the grain sometimes it is blended
to the barley, to the rye , to the corn. Between the meats, an
element hinge was senz' other the goat (and the sheep), as well
as the pig.
The breeding and the transformation of the pig in
the traditional world had a central importance that it is maintained
all now a lot strong in the spread habit of the domestic breeding.
You go out the ham, the local delicatessen contemplated , and
contemplates, all the possible been derived: sausages and sopressate
, capicolli, meat in brine, sanguinaccio. Still today, the sacrifice
of the useful animal is accompanied with a familiar party, the
Cheese prince of the local tradition is the pecorino,
in mixed type of milk sheep and goat. Naturally they do not be
lacking excelling them ricotte of the area, to seek particularly
in the period that goes from after the epiphany until Easter.
Between the typical dishes of the archaic kitchen
grecanica are able signal: the lestopitta and the pitta 'rrustuta,
the cordelle , the maccaruni, the rich' and previti, the tagghiulini,
the curcudìa , the ngute.
The bergamotto. The area Grecanica is characterized
also for a microclima specially sweet that agrees the cultivation
of the bergamotto.
Long the beds of the fiumare and in the hill band succeed , between
the other cultivations, the fragrant fields of this citrus , nicknamed
the green gold, from which comes extracted the essence that constitutes
the natural base of the most refined production world profumiera.
To visit the area Grecanica. The aspromonte grecanico
is an of those European areas than did not know the economical
development and industrial and that or rather suffered depopulation
and emigration. The missed availability of lodgings or of small
structures alberghiere is one of the main problems that nullify
the tourist take-off of the areas it. Of altra it leaves the area
has already in course from some important years experiences in
the longed for echo-tourist: from the experience pionieristica
of Easter Valley and of the WWF Italy, until that of Naturaliter.
The area Grecanica can brag a positive experience of hospitality
spread inspired to the I model anglo-saxon of the bed & breakfast.
The GAL Area Grecanica, means an exploitation of
action importante and restoration of small rural houses accompanied
from a route of formation for the operating, support the birth
of Pucambù (from some part, in Greek of Calabria), an agency
for the Development of the Rural Tourism.
With the birth of this agency the GAL understands to qualify the
tourist offer of the area. Pucambù has central function
of speaker with the tourist market and understands to be a further
moment of formation and of comparison for all the operating.
The National Park of the Aspromonte
The park, territory
Gastronomia of the park
Distances and excursions
Farm holidays: to school
in the park
in the common ones of the park
Aspromonte, Dam on the Mint:
the billions on the water
Grecanica Area: the ancient Greek in the
"Language and writing
of the ellenofoni of the south Italy"
Paleariza: "Wherever travel Greece m' wounds deeply..."
Cumelca: grecaniche songs and relative translations
Tarantella and socialita' in the aspromontet
Roccaforte of the Greek
Le The cascades of the
Amendolea or Maesano
Distances and excursions
Churches & monumentsi
Uses customs and traditions
The religious festivities
Proverbi and ways to say
To know it of piu',
you see also:
Naturaliter is a Small Cooperative Society to r. l. of the area
Grecanica (National Park of the aspromonte), that operates for
the search and the spread of the responsible tourism, promovendo
col WWF Italy you project aimed at the development echo-compatible.
Its partners founders come from varied professional experiences
that: animation and formation in environmental field, ecoturismo.
The skills of the actual partners check: the tourist services
of nets of creation in areas proteus, capable of to involve the
local community across traveled of participation and cooperation;
the environmental training. In the specific one: the organization
and management of trekking.
OBJECT: Approval diagram d’intesa for the promotion of the
economical and social development dell’Area Grecanica with
care to the P. THE. T. and initiative POR Calabria 2000 –
2006 - I Distribute expenditures for the management associated.
... Itineraries and Places. L' Area Grecanica is characterized
A microclima specially sweet that agrees the cultivation of the
It sets to music trekking and rural hospitality from the world
in the Calabria Greek
The festival has a valence political more strong nell’Area
Andrea Casile - Mayor of Bova
For the Common dell’Area Grecanica
The Cum. el. ca. is the most old association of the countries
of the participating GRECANICA and profit to the inside of the
sudetto I enliven; between a journey and another with it "native
country Greece" the association puts on a group folkloristico.
It dances, it sets to music, Tradition and Environment in the
Permanent seat: Cataforìo (RC)